Spurred by numerous reports of drones flying near jets and airports, the federal government has decided to require that the aircraft be registered in order to make it easier to identify their owners and educate amateur aviators.
The move, announced Monday by the Federal Aviation Administration, comes at a time when the agency is receiving more than 100 reports per month about drones flying near manned aircraft. The FAA prohibits drones and model airplanes from flying higher than 400 feet or within 5 miles of an airport.
Drones have become increasingly popular with hobbyists. The FAA estimates that 1.6 million small unmanned aircraft will be sold this year, with half during the last three months of the year. The agency said the registration requirement would let authorities track down unmanned aircraft owners if they violate the rules. But it also gives the agency a vehicle to educate owners just as thousands get drones as presents for Christmas and other holidays.
Most people who fly drones and model aircraft have little aviation experience, but they become pilots as soon as they start to fly, said Deputy FAA Administrator Michael Whitaker. "They have the responsibility to fly safely, and there are rules and regulations that apply to them," he said.
The requirement covers aircraft weighing from just over a half pound to 55 pounds. Drone owners who are 13 and older will have to register on an FAA website that becomes available starting Dec. 21. The FAA expects parents to register for younger children.
An Aurora hobby shop owner has been following the rule for a couple of months.
"If a 14-year-old is out there flying one that is slightly over the limit, are they really going to come down and fine him $14,000 or $25,000 or whatever the fine happens to be?" asked Fred Beardslee, owner of Colpar's Hobby Town.
The rule also can effect people who fly hobby planes, which will also have to be registered.
Registration will cost $5, but the fee will be waived for the first 30 days, until Jan. 20. Owners will have to mark aircraft with an identification number. They can register as many aircraft as they want on one registration number.
Those who got drones before Dec. 21 must register by Feb. 19. People who buy them later must register before their first outdoor flight.
The requirement came after a task force delivered a list of recommendations to Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx last month. The FAA said it used some of the recommendations, but the move disappointed a large group representing model airplane users.
The Muncie, Indiana-based Academy of Model Aeronautics said registration is an "unnecessary burden for our more than 185,000 members who have been operating safely for decades."
The group said registration makes sense for those who aren't part of an organization or for aircraft being used commercially. It also maintains that Congress in 2012 prohibited the FAA from new rules for recreational model aircraft users who are part of a community-based organization.
But Whitaker said while the law prohibits new rules, the FAA has the authority to register the aircraft.